Important U.S. presidents and their accomplishments.
United States could not have become the big country it is now without big men involved in its development. There have been many U.S. presidents but some of them are well known for their impact in the development of the country.
Let's take a look at:
George Washington. ( 1732-1799) He was the first President of the United States of America. He served as President from April 30, 1789, until March 4, 1797 (two terms). His Vice-President was John Adams (1735-1826), who was later voted the second President of the USA.
Washington married Martha Custis (born June 2, 1731 - died May 22, 1802) in 1759. Martha was a rich widow who had two children, Martha "Patsy" and John "Jacky." Their home in Virginia was called Mt. Vernon. George and Martha did not have children together.
In 1775, Washington was chosen as the Commander in Chief of the Colonial Army. In 1776, the Colonists declared their independence from the British.President of the US:
Washington was unanimously elected President of the United States of America by electors in early 1789 and again in 1792. Both votes were unanimous. John Adams was his vice-president. Washington's first inauguration took place in New York City. Washington refused a third Presidential term, saying in his farewell speech that a longer rule would give one man too much power.
Washington died on December 14, 1799, at his home, Mt. Vernon, located in Fairfax County, Virginia.
George Washington was the Commander of the military forces during the American Revolution.
George Washington was the first president of the United States.
He served two terms from 1789-1797. He rejected a third one.
He is called the Father of the USA.
He united the colonies : "we the people".
Thomas Jefferson. (1743-1826) was a founding father of the US, the author of the draft of the Declaration of Independence, and the third President of the United States of America. This great man was a long-term legislator, lawyer, diplomat, architect, inventor, scientist, agriculturist, writer, and revolutionary thinker.
Monticello was the Virginia house that Jefferson designed and lived in most of his life. It was built on land that he inherited from his family. Construction on Monticello began in 1769 but continued for decades as Jefferson added to the house.
In 1772, Jefferson married Martha Wayles Skelton (she died in 1782, after giving birth to their sixth child, Lucy Elizabeth). Only two of their children survived to adulthood.
While a delegate to the Continental Congress in 1775, Jefferson drafted the Declaration of Independence (it was amended by Benjamin Franklin and other committee members).
In 1783, Jefferson was elected to Congress (from Virginia). Soon after, in 1785, President George Washington appointed Jefferson as the US Ambassador to France (replacing Benjamin Franklin). In 1789, Washington appointed him Secretary of State, but he resigned on Dec. 31, 1793 (after major differences with Alexander Hamilton).
Jefferson was elected President in 1800 (defeating Adams). He was re-elected to a second term in 1804. His Vice-Presidents were Aaron Burr and George Clinton.
As President, Jefferson arranged the purchase of the Louisiana Territory from France in 1803. The Louisiana Purchase increased the area of the United States tremendously (it had an area of 828,000 square miles (2,155,500 square kilometers). Soon after (in 1804), Jefferson sent Lewis and Clark to map the newly-acquired western US territory (they returned in 1806 with maps, newly-discovered animals, and information about Indian tribes).
Jefferson retired from elected office in 1809 and went to live at Monticello - he never again left the state of Virginia. In 1814, Thomas Jefferson sold his extensive personal library to government of the US to re-start the Library of Congress, which has been burned during the War of 1812; Jefferson was paid $23,950 for his 6,487 books.
Jefferson died at Monticello on July 4, 1826, the 50th anniversary of the signing of the Declaration of Independence. John Adams died later that same day. They were the only two signers of the Declaration of Independence who were elected President of the USA.
He wrote the first draft of the Declaration of Independence.
He was the third president of the United States of America.
He purchased the Louisiana Territory (the Louisiana Purchase) enlarging the U.S. twice its size.
He was the first secretary of state.
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Abraham Lincoln. (1809-1865) was the 16th President of the United States of America. He served as President from March 4, 1861, until April 15, 1865 (he was re-elected in 1864).
Abraham Lincoln was born in a log cabin near Hodgenville, Kentucky. He had very little formal schooling and was mostly self-educated. He eventually became a lawyer and a Republican politician; he earned the nickname "Honest Abe." Lincoln married Mary Todd in 1842; they had four sons, but only one (Robert) survived childhood.
Lincoln was elected President in 1860. During Lincoln's presidency, the Southern states seceded from (left) the Union because Lincoln and the Northern states were against slavery. Six weeks after becoming President, the Civil War began. In this war, the Northern states (which stayed in the Union) fought the Southern states (called the Confederacy). The Civil War lasted from 1861 until 1865.
On Jan. 1, 1863, Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, which eventually led to the freeing of all slaves in the USA. During the Civil War, Lincoln gave many speeches, including the Gettysburg Address (Nov. 1863), a short speech in which he stated how a country must be dedicated to human freedom in order to survive.
President Lincoln was shot on April 14, 1865, by John Wilkes Booth (an actor). Lincoln had been attending a play at Ford's Theater in Washington, D.C. Lincoln died the next morning. He was the first US president ever assassinated. Andrew Johnson (Lincoln's Vice-President) became the next US President.
Dear Students, here is the Lincoln Trivia. To play it you need to download and start the presentation.
Theodore Roosevelt (1858-1919) was born in New York into one of the old Dutch families which had settled in America in the seventeenth century. Born into a wealthy family in New York City, Roosevelt was a sickly child who suffered from asthma and stayed at home studying natural history. To overcome his physical weakness, he embraced a strenuous life. Home-schooled, he became an eager student of nature. He attended Harvard University, where he studied biology, boxed and developed an interest in naval affairs.
In 1881, one year out of Harvard, he was elected to the New York State Assembly, where he became a leader of the reform faction of his Republican Party.
In 1884, his first wife and his mother died on the same day. He temporarily left politics and went to the frontier, becoming a rancher in the "Badlands" in the Dakotas. Returning to New York City, he ran for mayor in 1886, finishing third with 60,000 votes. He later gained fame by taking vigorous charge of the city police. At the national level, he was a leader in civil service reform. Roosevelt was elected governor in 1898 and in 1900 was nominated for vice president.
In 1901, President William McKinley was assassinated and Roosevelt became President. As an outdoorsman and naturalist, he promoted the conservation movement. On the world stage, Roosevelt's policies were characterized by his slogan, "Speak softly and carry a big stick". Roosevelt was the force behind the completion of the Panama Canal; sent the Great White Fleet on a world tour to demonstrate American power; and negotiated an end to the Russo-Japanese War, for which he won the Nobel Peace Prize.
First marriage: In 1880, Roosevelt married Alice Hathaway Lee. She died young of an undiagnosed case of kidney failure, two days after their infant Alice Lee Roosevelt was born. Her pregnancy had masked the illness. Theodore Roosevelt's mother Mittie died of typhoid fever on the same day some eleven hours earlier, in the same house. After the nearly simultaneous deaths of his mother and wife, Roosevelt left his daughter in the care of his sister, Anna "Bamie/Bye" in New York City.
Second marriage: In 1886, T.R. married Edith Kermit Carow. They honeymooned in Europe, and Roosevelt led a group to the summit of Mont Blanc, an achievement that resulted in his induction into the British Royal Society. They had five children: Theodore "Ted" III, Kermit, Ethel Carow, Archibald Bulloch "Archie", and Quentin.
During World War I his youngest son Quentin, a daring pilot with the American forces in France, was shot down behind German lines in 1918 at the age of 20. It is said the death of his son distressed him so much that T.R. never recovered from his loss.
On January 6, 1919, Roosevelt died in his sleep at Oyster Bay of a coronary thrombosis (heart attack), preceded by a 2½-month illness described as inflammatory rheumatism, and was buried in nearby Youngs Memorial Cemetery. Upon receiving word of his death, his son Archie telegraphed his siblings simply, "The old lion is dead." The U.S. vice president, Thomas R. Marshall, said that "Death had to take Roosevelt sleeping, for if he had been awake, there would have been a fight."
John Fitzgerald Kennedy (1917-1963) was the 35th president of the United States. Kennedy was born on May 29, 1917, in Brookline, Massachusetts. He was from a powerful family. He and his eight siblings enjoyed a privileged childhood of elite private schools, sailboats, servants, and summer homes. During his childhood and youth, "Jack" Kennedy suffered frequent serious illnesses. Nevertheless, he strove to make his own way, writing a best-selling book while still in college at Harvard and volunteering for hazardous combat duty in the Pacific during World War II. Kennedy was the first Roman Catholic to become president, and was also the youngest person elected president.
When he was 43 years old, Kennedy defeated Richard Nixon for the Presidency. Kennedy served as President from 1961 to 1963. During that time he advanced the U.S. space program and set the goal of putting Americans on the moon by the end of the decade (Americans eventually set foot on the the moon in 1969, meeting Kennedy's goal, but he did not live to see it). Kennedy also supported civil rights for African-Americans, and helped established the Peace Corps.
On November 22, 1963, while visiting Dallas, Texas, Kennedy was assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald.
For many Americans, the public murder of President Kennedy remains one of the most traumatic events in memory—countless Americans can remember exactly where they were when they heard that President Kennedy had been shot. His shocking death stood at the forefront of a period of political and social instability in the country and the world.
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Human rights have a major relevance in everyday situations. Even though we all have rights that should be respected, many times people are discriminated againts and their rights are violated. Why does this happen? Why is it important to know your rights?
There has been a long process to get rights for the people. There are two important events that have contributed enormously to recognize rights of the people.
First is the French Revolution (1789-1799). After the war was finished the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen was written being the first document to state rights for men. The second one is the creation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights by the United Nations in 1948.
Rights protect individual liberties (civil and political) and also protect people as individuals and as a community (economic, social, cultural) so that everybody can live together.
State, Constitution and Human Rights
State guarantees human rights. Ensures that Human Rights are respected
Constitution: document that protects people in society, helps them live together, guarantees that human rights are respected
Universal Declaration of Human Rights mentions that the State must guarantee Human Rights and personal liberties
Constitution´s purpose is to protect people in society and guarantee human rights are respected.
Constitution can do this through the RULE OF LAW.
RULE OF LAW, concept that the Constitution and laws apply to both ordinary citizens and the authorities.
Common good, specific good that is shared and beneficial for all (or most) members of a given community. It benefits society as a whole.
Students, check the worksheets and the following ppt presentation.
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